Niti Aayog Health Index Report– Kerala tops list, Uttar Pradesh at the bottom


The Niti Aayog released a report of the health performance of the states in the country (health index), with Kerala topping the list of larger states. Among the smaller states Mizoram topped the list, with Uttar Pradesh and Nagaland languishing at the bottom for larger states and smaller states respectively.

While Kerala topped the list among larger states, Mizoram was the best small state as per the index.

The index took a number of factors into account, with neonatal mortality rate, total fertility rate, sex ratio at birth, immunisation cover, health facilities in districts, etc. being the major ones. The Niti Aayog developed this report with the help of the World Bank. It also took feedback from the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare into account for the same.

Among the larger states, Kerala, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, and Himachal Pradesh occupied the top five positions, with Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, Odisha, and Madhya Pradesh bringing up the rear.

Rank State
1 Kerala
2 Punjab
3 Tamil Nadu
4 Gujarat
5 Himachal Pradesh
6 Maharashtra
7 Jammu and Kashmir
8 Andhra Pradesh
9 Karnataka
10 West Bengal
11 Telangana
12 Chhattisgarh
13 Haryana
14 Jharkhand
15 Uttarakhand
16 Assam
17 Madhya Pradesh
18 Odisha
19 Bihar
20 Rajasthan
21 Uttar Pradesh

Ranking of larger states

Jharkhand, Jammu and Kashmir, and Uttar Pradesh recorded the most improvement in their scores compared to the previous year, with Kerala and Haryana recording the biggest drop in score.

Rank State
1 Mizoram
2 Manipur
3 Meghalaya
4 Sikkim
5 Goa
6 Arunachal Pradesh
7 Tripura
8 Nagaland

Ranking of smaller states

Among the smaller states, Manipur saw the biggest improvement, followed by Goa and Meghalaya.

With respect to the Union Territories, Lakshadweep topped the list, followed by Chandigarh, Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Puducherry, Daman & Diu, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli.

The health index initiative is aimed at transforming the country, with an impetus on imbibing sustainable development goals. The report is likely to provide states the necessary inputs to improve their performance in the future.


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