The Niti Aayog released a report of the health performance of the states in the country (health index), with Kerala topping the list of larger states. Among the smaller states Mizoram topped the list, with Uttar Pradesh and Nagaland languishing at the bottom for larger states and smaller states respectively.
The index took a number of factors into account, with neonatal mortality rate, total fertility rate, sex ratio at birth, immunisation cover, health facilities in districts, etc. being the major ones. The Niti Aayog developed this report with the help of the World Bank. It also took feedback from the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare into account for the same.
Among the larger states, Kerala, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, and Himachal Pradesh occupied the top five positions, with Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, Odisha, and Madhya Pradesh bringing up the rear.
|7||Jammu and Kashmir|
Ranking of larger states
Jharkhand, Jammu and Kashmir, and Uttar Pradesh recorded the most improvement in their scores compared to the previous year, with Kerala and Haryana recording the biggest drop in score.
Ranking of smaller states
Among the smaller states, Manipur saw the biggest improvement, followed by Goa and Meghalaya.
With respect to the Union Territories, Lakshadweep topped the list, followed by Chandigarh, Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Puducherry, Daman & Diu, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
The health index initiative is aimed at transforming the country, with an impetus on imbibing sustainable development goals. The report is likely to provide states the necessary inputs to improve their performance in the future.